With so many forms of cancer, it is easy enough to occasionally get them confused. This includes both bone marrow and the spleen. It is not unusual for cancer to start in a lung, or even the colon, then spread to the lymph tissues, though they are not considered as actual forms of Lymphoma.
There are two primary types of Lymphoma, Hodgkins, and Non Hodgkins Lymphoma. They both respond to treatment differently. They also spread and cause different reactions from the body. Every cancer is a unique entity, producing different symptoms, side effects, and requiring screening for the proper course of treatment.
Where did Hodgkins get its name?
Both Hodgkins and Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma got the name from the doctor who first discovered and provided a description of the cancer. His name was Dr. Thomas Hodgkin, a British physician born in August of 1798 and passing in April of 1866. His specialty was in pathology, and he is considered a pioneer in pathology studies. Dr. Hodgkins wrote his first account of this potentially devastating disease in 1832.
What exactly is lymphoma?
This disease strikes in the lymph system, which is part of the human immune system, aka it helps the body fight infection. The issue with this is that lymph nodes are located all over the body. Most people who have lymphoma end up with Hodgkins, which will cause abnormal lymphocytes/white blood cells. These cells are called Reed Sternberg cells.
What is Non Hodgkin Lymphoma, or NHL?
It can be slightly more difficult. NHL is the same concept, gut it forms a different variety of white blood cells, called B cells, T cells and NK cells. The most common type has B cells, and they can be complex. This cancer can be unpredictable. NHL can be aggressive, and extremely fast growing, or it can be slow forming and indolent. Sadly, in most cases the large B cell NHL is extremely aggressive. Meanwhile, follicular lymphoma is a slow grower.
Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma can also come
It also come in the forms of Sezary syndrome and Mycosis fungoides. Both of these forms start in the skin, in the white blood cells. One of the most viscious forms of NHL attacks the central nervous system, but it is rare. It aggressively assaults the white blood cells, like other forms, but this time it strikes in the eye, brain or spinal cord.
Marginal and Mantle cell lymphoma are also forms of NHL
Mantle is a medium to small, slow growing type that tends to attack primarily men in their 60s. Despite the slow growth, it is usually difficult to treat. Newer treatments might have more success. The Marginal cell lymphoma occurs in around 5 to 10% of lymphoma diseases and comes in three actual forms.
The first is mucosa associated lymphoid tissue, or Malt. They are most common and tend to sart in the stomach, lung, skin, salivary glands, tissue around the eye and the skin. The average age is 60, but this can be very treatable it caught in time Nodal is very rare and found in older women. It tends to hang out in the lymph nodes or the bone marrow. It is slow growing and can be stopped in the early stages. Thirdly there is Splenic, which, as you probably guessed, attacks the spleen and bone marrow. It is slow growing and attacks the elderly. It also has been linked to Hepatitus C.
Those were just a few of the NHL disorders that can strike us down, depending on our lifestyle and family history, but what can we do about this devastating disease? There are several different treatment options to consider. You have to discuss these possibilities with your physician in order to determine which one is best for you
Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, Immunotherapy, Targeted therapy, and Stem Cell/Bone Marrow transplants are all potential ways to cure, or fight Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. The method used is based purely on the stage the cancer is in, the current health and well being of the patient, and the actual form of lymphoma the patient has Cancer immunotherapy.
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma can be devastating… but it can also be cured. There is always hope as long as the patient wants to try and overcome the disease. It is important to maintain good communication between yourself and any physician involved in your illness and treatment. One of the best things to do is try to stay positive and focus on getting well